Hawker Hurricane Mk.II is a developed version of the famous Sydney Camma fighter aeroplane. It was created by building in a standard Mk.I airframe the Rolls - Royce Merlin XX engine equipped with a two-stage compressor. It has significantly improved the aircraft's performance — the new version marked as Hurricane Mk. IIa was flown on June 11, 1940. And already in August this year, the first aeroplanes went to the armament of RAF squadrons.
At that time, Hawker did research to improve the armament. These studies involved the use of cannons in various configurations. Initially, they did not bring satisfactory results, mainly due to the insufficient power of the engines used so far. Only the use of the Merlin XX engine enabled the construction of four 20mm British Hispano cannons. This variant, designated as Hurricane Mk.IIc, proved to be the most-produced version of this fighter. In total, 4,711 copies were created together with the machines rebuilt from A and B variants. The purpose of the aircraft has also changed. It was no longer a classic fighter aircraft, but mainly a fighter-attack plane. These aircraft were used to attack ground targets with cannon fire. Mk.IIc was also successfully used as a night fighter. The tactic of their use was to fight the Luftwaffe night bombers ambushing them near the bases they returned to after completing the task.
By installing a tropical filter, the "Trop" version was designed for operations in hot climates. Planes equipped in this way took part in the fighting in the Mid East and the Far East.
Only two Polish units were equipped with Hurricane Mk.IIc fighter planes. There were 309 and 318 Fighter-Reconnaissance Squadrons that used Hurricane for training. Polish pilots serving in the 87th RAF Squadron flew Hurricane Mk IIc in both a night fighting and a ground attack missions.
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